Grachev, Pavel Sergeyevich
- (1948– )Military leader. Born in the Tula Oblast, Pavel Grachev served in Lithuania before coming to prominence as a commander in the Soviet-Afghan War. In 1991, he was appointed first deputy minister of defense during the dissolution of the Soviet Union. Owing to a close personal relationship with Boris Yeltsin, Grachev was ultimately appointed minister of defense in the new Russian Federation. He optimistically predicted a quick defeat of the Chechen separatists and was instrumental in Yeltsin’s decision to use force against the self-declared Chechen Republic of Ichkeriya in 1994. He proved to be an incompetent commander during the first Chechen War and was sacked in 1996. He subsequently assumed the role of military advisor to Russia’s arms export monopoly Rosoboronexport. His name was linked to multiple corruption scandals throughout the 1990s.See also Military.
Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation. Robert A. Saunders and Vlad Strukov. 2010.
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